June 21, 2021

An Update on those US Navy Tic Tac UFOs

The Astronomy, Technology and Space Science News Podcast.
SpaceTime Series 24 Episode 70
An update on those US Navy Tic Tac UFOs

The Astronomy, Technology and Space Science News Podcast.

SpaceTime Series 24 Episode 70

*An update on those US Navy Tic Tac UFOs

Last year the US Department of Defence formally released three navy videos showing encounters between US NAVY fighter jets and a series of unexplained aerial phenomena – what most people call UFOs. Since then, more similar vision has been made public by crew aboard two US NAVY warships. So what are they really – we give you the latest update.

*Studying the atmosphere of a brown dwarf

A new study of failed stars known as brown dwarfs suggest they have a layer cake like atmospheric structure.

*China’s new space station gets its first crew

China’s new Tiangong or heavenly palace space station has its first tenants – a team of three taikonauts who’ll spend the next 90 days setting up the orbiting outpost.

*The Science Report

NOVAVAX completes phase three trials of its new COVID-19 vaccine with stunning results.

A new study warns that cannabis use during teen years can alter brain development.

Bring back to life microbes that have been frozen for 24 thousand years.

The quantum microscope that can reveal biological structures that would otherwise be impossible to see.

Skeptic's guide to those recent US Navy UFO reports


For more from the SpaceTime team visit our webpages. Links: https://linktr.ee/biteszHQ


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The Astronomy, Space, Technology & Science News Podcast.


SpaceTime Series 24 Episode 70 AI Transcript

[00:00:00] Stuart: [00:00:00] This is space time series 24 episode 74 broadcast on the 21st of June, 2021. Happy solstice coming up on space-time an update on those us Navy tic-tac UFO's studying the atmosphere of a brown dwarf and China's new space station gets its first crew, all that and more coming up. Um, space time.

VO Guy: [00:00:27] Welcome to

space time with

Stuart, Gary

Stuart: [00:00:46] Last year, the us department of defense formally released three Navy videos showing encounters between us Navy fighter jets and a series of what they term unexplained.  what most [00:01:00] people call UFO's since then more similar Virgin has been made public by crew aboard to us. Navy warships. The pedagogue has offered no explanation as to what these objects are.

Other than to say, there's no evidence of these unexplained aerial phenomemon or alien spacecraft, and that they're not secret American military aircraft, which of course destroys our original suggestion. That they're probably a new generation of advanced autonomous military drones. Although the Navy haven't publicly ruled out some advanced new rational Chinese technology, but there are probably good tactical political reasons for that.

The director of national intelligence has put together a full congressional report on the issue covering decades of birth publicly available, classified military files, an unclassified version end of this report is expected to be released to the public in the next week. The three original videos simply known as gimbal, FLIR wanting go fast were taken by Raytheon advanced targeting [00:02:00] forward looking infrared camera wing pods mounted on carrier based FAA 18 super Hornet fighter jet.


Tim Mendham: [00:02:08] there's a whole

Stuart: [00:02:09] fleet of them. Look, I'm ASA

Guest: [00:02:12] going against the wind, the winds a hundred 0.0, oh, Hey dude. That's not how it though. Is it?

Tim Mendham: [00:02:21] It's rotated.

Guest: [00:02:27] Roger.

Oh, okay. Oh my gosh.

Stuart: [00:02:44] That's an unfair gimbal footage involved. The siting of an object described by the pilots is some sort of new drone. The second video known simply as Flo one was recorded in November, 2004. It involved an encounter between a pair of Hornets from the USS [00:03:00] Nimitz off the coast of San Diego and shows an oblong shaped object, which appears to accelerate out of view from sensors at very high speed.

That story apparently began with a Ticonderoga class guided missile cruiser, USS Princeton. They're taking a series of intermittent radar tracks. A few days later, the Princeton reported five to 10 similar radar traces and Nimitz ordered a pair of FAA, teens to check it out. According to the report. The object first appeared to drop from around 80,000 feet down to a hover, just 50 feet above the ocean, causing the water to appear to boil, and then rapidly climbing again to 12,000 feet before accelerating away at supersonic speeds, the pilots described the object as bright, white, and shaped like a tic-tac about 14 meters long with no wings, no exhaust and notice Annabelle propulsion system.

A short time later, the Princeton told the FAA teens, the radar track had now been detected a hundred kilometers away, but it disappeared long before the Hornets could reach [00:04:00] that location. The third video known as go fast shows an incident that occurred off the east coast of the United States in 2015 involving Hornets of the USS Theodore Roosevelt.

The UFO was described as having no distinct wings, no distinct tail, no distinct exhaust plume and looking like a sphere in casing, a queue. According to the part it's the object was described the showing up at 30,000 feet as well as its sea level and being able to accelerate slow down and hit hypersonic speeds with maneuvers far beyond the physical limits of a human crew.

The consensus among the pilots parently was that these you are firs with some new kind of drones. Science skeptic investigator Mick west from medibank.org has taken an in-depth analysis of these videos breaking down and reverse engineering, the original vision, and he was able to include something. We couldn't the original technical metadata, such as the speed and altitude of the aircraft, carrying the [00:05:00] camera, the heading of the target relative to the aircraft, the slight angle up or down, or the target relative to the aircraft and the radar range of the target object from the aircraft.

This additional data allowed west to painstakingly calculate the real movements of the target, rather than just the apparent movements relative to the camera, as seen by the pilots, speaking to the skeptics guide to the universe team and using the go fast video as his example, oh, west was able to paint a very different picture to that, which the pallets were seeing and importantly, it all fits together rather nicely.

The unidentified aerial phenomenon, the PTB moving really fast just above the ocean surface. But once you include the information contained in the metadata, the heading of the camera aircraft, the range to the target and the slant angle down from the camera to the target, you can work out the true attitude of the target to be about halfway between sea level and the aircraft.

The aircraft was flying at 25,000 feet, [00:06:00] which means the target was actually at around 12 and a half thousand. The tic-tacs true speed could be determined using the angle and range of the target at the start of the video. And again, at the end of the video, as well as the bank angle and velocity, the aircraft carrying the camera, they're crunching those numbers and using a bit of basic high school trigonometry west was able to determine that the object really wasn't flying supersonically at all.

That was actually only moving in about 40 knots, give or take 20 knots. So basically that's wind speed. Infrared cameras lack high resolution at the best of times. So things are going to look a little bit out of focus, a little bit fuzzy. So the tic-tac was really more bull shape rather than laws in shade.

Another important point is that the cameras are board, the FAA team we're in, what's known as black hot mode. Under those conditions, cold objects would look wide and of course the tic-tac looked wide. So it must've been around Abby at air temporary. Another important factor was that it provided a really strong [00:07:00] radar lock.

It was something that wanted to be seen, which is totally unlike anything you'd expect from some sort of advanced off the aircraft outcomes. Razor tells us entities should not be bought applied without necessity, but it's best if somewhat inaccurately paraphrased as meaning the simplest explanation is usually correct.

So if we put all this together, what you really end up with is a small round object without wings, without any control surfaces or visible propulsion system blowing around in the wind and providing really strong radar lock. And that's just the most likely answer. Isn't some advanced flying source of from another world or even the secret advanced spider home that we thought it could have been.

No, the most likely answer is a weather balloon. Then in April, this shear more footage emerged this time showing what appears to be an unidentified triangular object in the sky, taken by Navy personnel about the early bird class ages, destroy a USS Russell in [00:08:00] 2019. Science skeptic investigator Mick west from medibank.org says the image was nothing more than an optical effect called a Buka, which can make an out-of-focus light source, a Patria angular, a pyramid likened.

Do you do the shape of the aperture on some lenses? Then last month, the Pentagon confirmed a second video had been recorded by Naval personnel, which is now under review by the unexpired aerial phenomena task force. The video apparently recorded on July the 15th, 2019 at board, the independence class littoral combat ship.

USS Omar shows us physical object flying over the ocean. That's seen through an infrared camera at night, moving rapidly across the screen before suddenly stopping and then easing down into the water. Jonathan Nellie is the editor of Australian sky and telescope magazine. So I think what they, they recall

Tim Mendham: [00:08:51] these days is an unexplained aerial phenomenon that they really should call it an unexplained apparent aerial phenomenon, new [00:09:00] AAP, because wasn't really in the air.

And that now there's this footage that's sharing of this sort of spiritual looking thing buzzing along not far, apparently not far above the surface of the water and then diving

Stuart: [00:09:09] into the massive hygienists as it turns, things like this. And.

Tim Mendham: [00:09:13] That you don't recognize. I, you can see what sort of shape it is, but you've never seen this object before, and it's not flying between you and the nearest building or you, and then the tree down the road or whatever, it's at a distance and it's not flying between you and anything else.

Then you can't tell how big it is or how far away these will have fast flying. You can only do that with something that you really recognized. So if you see if you're standing next to the runway, when the jumbo jet takes off, right, it's going to get a posture and it's going to seem really, really fast.

And you know, that jumbo gets a big shake and you can judge the whole thing. And when you see a jumbo jet line up high, high in the sky, in the distance over there, it seems to be going really, really slowly. But you know that it's going three or four times faster than it wasn't taking off of the runway that you were standing beside.

So you can judge because you know what a jumbo jet size is, you know, what it looks like, and you know, what sort of speeds it does. But if you've got an object that you've never seen [00:10:00] before, and you can't tell it's sky or how big it is, and you can't tell how far away. Therefore, you can't really tell what speed it's doing now.

There's footage that they they've cost. Now. I don't know what they had right out or something. You also, whether they were able to triangulate and get some sort of distance on it, but it could have been a little thing, very close or a big thing a long way away. So these are the sort of things you've got to think of.

So I'm pulling GS means going very high speed, but if it was something smaller, that's very close to you. What it wouldn't have had to pull so many genes.

Stuart: [00:10:27] There are a lot of artifacts associated with the equipment, taking the images as well with the gimbal. There are a lot of other aspects associated with this.

Also, even just the type of, if it's a radar they're using what bread our band are they on? Is it an S band or what? This would make the blurry object. It's a blurry object to start with. That's why it's described as a tic-tac because you can't really see what.

Tim Mendham: [00:10:49] Yeah. And every measurement you make has an accuracy.

So, um, uh, you can only do certain things to a certain precision. So now I was sort of guessing because we don't really have the details of the systems that are using it and those [00:11:00] sort of camera systems that you use by ships and aircraft and whatever they designed for certain purpose, they're designed to spot other aircraft or other ships.

They're optimized for things, traveling at certain speeds and being at certain distances. So when, when things are not sort of behaving the way you might expect it to them, that they might not be the best key to try and

Stuart: [00:11:16] observe that he's a pilot. So often see these things. These are Navy parts, sorry, Naval aviators.

I think that's what they call them on Topco and you'd think there'd be trained observer. Look, they are not. And

Tim Mendham: [00:11:29] this sort of thing has come up time and time again over the years. And it's not just you, if there's anything else you can go and look up any number of court cases where people who you think would be really good observers and stuff, just aren't like police officers and fire fighters and all sorts of people and pilots and all sorts of people you'd think, ah, that must be calling me, trying to people know what they're looking at.

If you unexpectedly. Then it doesn't matter who you are, then there's a good chance. You're not going to remember it correctly. Michigan anticipate the things happening and you can be ready and prepared otherwise. So speaking of pilot, so [00:12:00] at least one report from a long time ago of metrics, passenger plane flying of one of the oceans and, uh, and a big radio came in through the atmosphere and to the pilot, this huge flashlight.

Like it was coming straight for them. So they took evasive action. You know, they flung the plane around in the sky to get away from this medial. Whereas in reality, it's a hundred, 200 kilometers whilst, I mean, nowhere near them. If you see a meteorite flash, then you can be assured that it's nowhere near you.

It's because it's still, still very, very high up in the sky when it's, when it's producing the flashlight. Uh, I only gets down into lower atmosphere, much light up. So, um, yeah, it's easy to be fooled. And I also recall another instance, if I can remember correctly, I think it was a American military helicopter flying.

Might've been the Gulf of Mexico. They reported seeing, or had footage on their sort of night vision gear, these cluster of lights in the sky ahead of them. And it just, it didn't show on right. Are, and no one knew what they were and no other aircraft could tell what they were. The footage lighter and analyze that the [00:13:00] camera was actually pointing down with the vision, what they were seeing, where oil Greeks on the surface of the ocean, these things would not up in the sky at all.

So it's easy to be a bit disorientated. I mean, I recall reading about a woman driving in a car and ending up writing to them. Police station in an absolute panic saying that she was being chased by a UFO. She wasn't, all she saw was the planet Venus. Now, you know, when you're driving down a country road somewhere and you've got a beautiful line of Poplar trees or something along the side, and you get that sort of strobing effect of a library as the moon or the sun.

Well, the dependent Venus was off to one side and so big and bright, and it just seems to be following. Typically when you get this sort of strobing effect and it really spooked this poor woman, and she thought this big bright light was following here, whereas in relevance simply wasn't. So there are any number of ways to get fooled by things in the notch call.

If you're not accustomed to, to, uh, looking at the notch cotton. Now I've been looking at the notch, gone for decades, and I've never seen anything I could not explain. They just haven't been, people have told me they're tiles of things I couldn't explain. And I've always been able to explain what they [00:14:00] was.

So, um, this all tick texting and the, um, you know, So-called UFO's that the military are picking up. It's interesting. Isn't it. If I Allianz were coming all the way here from some other planet that you'd think that they'd be pretty advanced and wouldn't really be bothered by our military technology that you would think that they'd probably have pretty good military technology

Stuart: [00:14:17] themselves.

It would have good cling on cloaking devices. Wouldn't they plugging

Tim Mendham: [00:14:21] devices, all sorts of stuff. We can't

Stuart: [00:14:23] even imagine, or maybe Romulan clothing devices, these

Tim Mendham: [00:14:26] whatever they are that are being apparently seen, uh, buzzing around American aircraft carrier battle group. Uh, in various parts of the world indicates that if they are real and someone's controlling them, someone who's interested in the American military.


Stuart: [00:14:38] who would that be? The other angle. Isn't it? Are these drones operated by the Russians or Chinese? Well, I hate to say this. I didn't think the Russians and Chinese have technology. That's that advanced? That's Jonathan. Nalli the editor of Australian sky and telescope magazine. The Pentagon's also confirmed images of other [00:15:00] objects described as sphere acorn and metallic blue.

The find out more. Andrew Dunkley is speaking with astronomer professor Fred. So

Fred: [00:15:09] th th the reason I was going to raise this topic today is because there's a very interesting, really interesting article on the conversation. Uh, UFOs, how to calculate the odds that an alien spaceship has been spotted, and it's by a scientist at the university of Oxford.

And he had. I applied something that in astronomy, we use a lot. It's really the, almost the cornerstone of some of the deductions that we make about the universe. And it's called Bayesians statistics. Basie, and statistics actually is kind of slightly different from normal statistics because you start off with something called a prior, which is an assumption that something might be the case.

I don't want to go into the details, obviously, because it's very mathematical and between you. Andrew. I'm not sure that I understand the either, but anyway, this scientist uses basic [00:16:00] statistics to come up with more or less what I've been thinking as well, which is that yes, there is clearly something going on.

It could be as yet on, on advertised technology that there is something going on and the idea of a UFO and then unidentified flying object. We all associate that with the idea. Alien technology, uh, you know, extra terrestrial technology, but actually the expression itself doesn't demand that an unidentified flying object is just that an unidentified flying object.

And when you apply this sort of statistical analysis, you get to the conclusion that it could be. One of many, many things. In fact, the author of this article actually, um, I think he was being a little bit tongue in cheek, but he said these things in the sky could equally well be fairies intrusions from the fifth dimension, swamp gas, foreign drones, Sapient, octave, pursues, or anything else.

And that's equally probable as it being, is it being [00:17:00] alien visitation? There are. A few other things. And th th there are some things that you would have thought might have been ruled out, but might behave the way that, uh, that some of these objects have done. One. I spoke to, uh, one of the pundits a few days ago, uh, somebody who.

Kind of close to the action on, uh, uh, on, uh, space, nuts. Uh, it, and there's, I won't give his name, but, um, I thought this was a very good guess at what might be going on here. Weather balloons, weather balloons, get everywhere. And because they can move with the jet stream, they can move extremely quickly. And of course, a 500 G turn means absolutely no problem to a weather.

This, these things could be anything. And it's, uh, you know, the Bayesean analysis that this, um, scientist at Oxford university, uh, went through, came out with a one in 1 billion probability that this was a result of extraterrestrial technology. And part of that comes about [00:18:00] because like me and many other scientists, we are very uncomfortable with the idea.

Of there being much other than rudimentary, perhaps, you know, single celled organisms out there in space, just because of this huge jump that you need in thermodynamics to get from a single cell organism to a multi-celled organism. Now, of course, because. Par 23 planets in at least in the universe, you can never rule it out.

But the thing that's, you know, that one of the other things that pushes down the statistics as far as alien visitations is concerned is just the enormous distances between stars and galaxies. And this all plays also into the D the Drake equation. And, um, when you put the modern numbers into the Drake equation, you get very, very low probabilities of there being species like ourselves within our own galaxy.

Uh, within a much broader sway of the universe. So I think like you, Andrew, that eventually we'll find out what these things are, but [00:19:00] they are not necessarily anything to do with extraterrestrial civilization. No, most

Andrew: [00:19:04] likely not. And yeah, there's, there's nothing to suggest that it's one single. Uh, thing it could be a multitude of, um, phenomena.

Uh, it could just be a trick of the light. It could be swamp guests, as they suggested it. It could be technology, it could be any number of things. It, um, it could be ball lightening on occasion. You just don't know. Um, and until we've got conclusive evidence, then. We just keep

Fred: [00:19:34] looking. One of the things that this author of the conversation article, and I might tell you his name, he's under Sandberg and he's at Oxford Martin school in the university of Oxford.

One of the things that he. Comment that he makes is that science did not believe in meteorites until trustworthy multiple witnesses brought in rocks, found to be of unknown minerals and our understanding of this [00:20:00] solar system allowed trust ride. So it's interesting to look at history as well. When you think about these things, as well as based in statistics and maybe, you know, in a few years time, we'll all be chuckling at the way, we were diluted into thinking this was something, you know, extra trust.

Yeah. Yeah,

Andrew: [00:20:16] very likely. Uh, but isn't it. So human of us to try and attach the unknown to something that we can understand or want to believe and know that's, that's been documented throughout human history. So, uh, you know, we, we think we're so advanced and so very clever today, but, uh, I think there are times where we demonstrate we are still, you know, quite naive.

I think it would be the nicest way to put it.

Fred: [00:20:43] It's great. Fun as well for us to speculate on what it might be, as long as you don't take it too seriously.

Stuart: [00:20:50] It's Dr. Fred Watson and astronomer with the department of science speaking with Andrew Dunkley on our sister program space nuts. And we'll have more on this story [00:21:00] later on when we're joined by Tim Mendham from Australian skeptic.

This is time still the calm and you study a failed Starz known as brown dwarves suggest they have a layer cake atmosphere, and China's new space station gets its first crew, all that, and much more still to come. Um, space time,

a new study of failed stars known as brown dwarves suggest they have a layer cake like atmospheric structure. Brown dwarves are objects, which don't have enough mass to sustain the core hydrogen fusion process, which makes stars like our sun shine. However, some brown dwarves do fuse deterior, more lithium under certain conditions.

Well, many Browns wolves, a born is [00:22:00] brown wolves. Others actually start their lives as spectral type em, red Wolf stars, which have turned into brown wharves after losing enough mass through their evolution to cease core hydrogen fusion, thereby turning them from red dwarves into brown wall. Brown dwarves fit into a category between the largest planets, whichever about 12 to 13 times, the mass of Jupiter and the smallest spectral type M red Wolf stars, which have about 75 to 80 times the mass of Jupiter, or about 0.08, solar masses.

Astronomers decided to study a very young and therefore extremely bright rogue brown dwarf, which hadn't caught off yet known as two mass, J 22, 0 81 3 6 3 plus 29, 21, 2 15, which is located some 115 light years away. And isn't part of any known star system. This brown dwarf is very similar in appearance to a nearby giant exoplanet known as Bita victorious be discovered in 2080 near infrared images [00:23:00] taken by the European Southern observatory is very large telescope in Chile.

The exoplanet has about 13 times the mass and 1.4, six times the radius of Jupiter and was discovered in the young debris disc, a type main sequence star, better pick tourists located some 63 light years away. Astronomers have analyzed the composition of some of these so-called super Jupiters, but it's been difficult to analyze their atmospheres in detail because these gas giants get lost in the glare of their parents' stars.

Because current technology won't allow astronomers to undertake a detailed analysis of the atmosphere of beta victorious B the authors decided instead to study the brown dwarfs atmosphere as a proxy, in order to get an idea of what the exoplanets clouds might look like at different altitudes in its atmosphere.

Both brown dwarves and super Jupiters have similar temperatures and are extremely massive with complex and varied atmospheres. And both this brown dwarf and beta Victoria SPE, uh, young, both as similar in mass and [00:24:00] both radiate heat strongly in the near infrared. They're also both members of the same flock of stars and sub stellar objects known as the bedded victorious moving group, which shares the same origin and a common motion through space.

The group, which is about 33 million years old is the closest grouping of young stars to earth. Elon, the manager evac is from the space telescope science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland, that a team of astronomers using the multi object spectrograph for infrared exploration or MOSFIRE on the giant 10 meter Keck telescope in Hawaii to undertake a series of observations of the brown dwarf.

She says the brown dwarf appeared to glow from the inside out, just like a carved Halloween pumpkin with energy escaping from its hot interior. The observations also showed it had a model that atmosphere with a scattered layer cake, like cloud structure and mysterious dark spots, similar to Jupiter's giant.

Anticyclones the great red spot. Must fire collected the spectral fingerprints of various [00:25:00] chemical elements contained in the clouds and how they change with time. The authors found the brown dwarf is a temperature of around 1,527 degrees Celsius because it's still very young. It's spending incredibly fast, completing a full revolution, every three and a half hours that compares to Jupiter's 10 hour rotational period because of this, the clouds and this brown waffle whipping around creating a dynamic turbulent atmosphere.

Mass fire was able to gaze at the brown door for two and a half hours watching how the light filled it up through the atmosphere from its hot interior, brightening and dimming over time. Bright spots indicated regions where the astronomers could pair deeper into the atmosphere areas where it's harder.

It spectrum revealed clouds of hot sand grains, and other exotic elements. Potassium iodide traces were found in the brown Wolf's oper atmosphere, which also includes magnesium silica clouds and outages of 386 kilometers deeper down in the [00:26:00] atmosphere at around 331 kilometers. The authors found a layer of sodium iodide.

Also with magnesium silica clouds, the deepest layer they could see consists of aluminum oxide clouds around 269 kilometers. Overall, the authors were able to see the atmospheres total depth data, 781 kilometers, a stunning achievement. This is space still. The comm China's new space station gets its first crew.

And later in the science report, Nova vacs completes phase three trials of its new COVID-19 vaccine with stunning results, all that, and more still to come. On space time.

China's new and gong or heavenly palace space station as its first [00:27:00] tenants, a team of three types in order to spend the next 90 days setting up the orbiting out. The crew were launched the border long March to F rocket from the  satellite launch century, Northwestern China's Gobi desert. And what was Beijing's first man space flight in more than five years.

three-month mission will also be China's longest ever man space. The Shands you 12 capsules successfully dock with the space station Tiani or heavenly harmony core module, six hours after launch the bus size space station module was placed into orbit on April the 29th. The mission drew intense international criticism last month after the rocket, which carried the tiny module into orbit fell back to earth in an uncontrolled re-entry, which eventually crashed into the Indian ocean near the MALDEF's on may the ninth.

They TNG two cargo ship loaded with fuel food and [00:28:00] equipment successfully docked to the space station on May 29th, the newly arrived crew will now configure the 16.6 meter long 4.2 meter diameter core module from its initial launch configuration into what will be its overall cruise configuration.

They'll then begin testing equipment, unloading supplies from the recently arrived cargo ship and begin preparing the orbit loud pursed for the arrival of two more modules next year. The crew will also need to undertake at least two space walks during their stay on station testing, newly developed spaces, replacing the Russian base spacesuits they've previously used.

Most of Beijing space technology is Russian based. Much of it bought off the shelf from Moscow. The successful man launch represents a huge propaganda opportunity for China as Beijing prepares to mark the 100th anniversary of the ruling Chinese communist party on July. The first China's painting at least 10 more missions to the space station, including three more.

Man flights, the delivery of two [00:29:00] more modules and five more supply missions loaded with equipment such as solar arrays in order to get the 70 ton space station fully operational over the next two years. Beijing is also planning to build a separate lunar space station, either on the lunar surface or in lunar orbit with the Russians.

As for China's new earth orbiting space station, it's expected to remain operational for at least 10 years. This is space time.

And Tom that to take a brief look at some of the other stories making use in science this week with a science report, never vacs have finally completed phase three trials. So the new COVID-19 vaccine finding it to be 90.4% effective against symptomatic COVID-19 and a hundred percent effective against moderate and severe disease.

A report of the journal. Science says the new vaccine is a size [00:30:00] Coby, two protein that's different technology from the COVID-19 vaccines authorized so far. Most COVID-19 vaccines deliver genetic material that directs the recipient cells to produce sass Kovi, to spike protein, which then trains the immune system to respond to the virus.

The nerve of vaccine instead delivers the SPAG protein itself together with an immune boosting Agilent. Similar protein technology has been used for decades in vaccines, against diseases, such as hepatitis B, the world health organization. Now estimates more than 8 million people who have been killed by the COVID-19 Corona virus with almost 4 million confirmed fatalities and almost 180 million people infected since the deadly disease for spread out of war and China.

And you study was that cannabis used during 10 years can alter brain development. The findings reported in the journal of the American medical association are based on a study of 1,598 brain scans from 799 [00:31:00] kids who were aged 14 at the time of their first scan and who were then followed up five years later for a second brain scan.

The authors found that cannabis used during adolescence was associated with abnormal brain development, leading to thinner quarter sees that's the braids out immerse layers, which are made up mostly of gray matter in the prefrontal regions of the brain. And the more cannabis teens used, the thinner, they caught a C's were suggesting it's the cannabis, which was causing the changes.

Seen the areas in question are thought to be rich in cannabinoid receptors, which probably explains why cannabis appears to have affected their development. A microscopic multicellular organism called a Badillo Rhoda for has been returned to live after being frozen in solid ice and the Siberian Arctic for some 24,000 years.

A report in the journal. Current biology claims radiocarbon dating has placed the specimen at between 23,960 and 24,485 years old. [00:32:00] Once thawed the organism was able to successfully reproduce through a clonal process, known as pathogenesis. The observation suggested these microbes have some mechanism which heals their cells and organs from ham at exceedingly low temperatures.

Of course, it's not the first time scientists have done this. They've previously revived nematodes from 30,000 year old Siberian, permafrost, and whole Campion plants have been regenerated from seed tissue preserved in Relic 32,000 year old permafrost. Scientists have created a quantum microscope, which can reveal biological structures that would otherwise be impossible to see a report of the journal nature claims the new microscope is powered by the science of quantum entanglement paving.

The way for applications extending into areas, ranging from navigation through the medical imaging. The best current light microscopes use bright lasers, billions of times brighter than the sun. The problem is they damage fragile biological systems like human [00:33:00] cells. Quantum entanglement provides 35% improved clarity without destroying the cell, thereby allowing scientists to see my new biological structures that would otherwise be visible.

Earlier in the show, we looked at the recent spate of us Navy UFO reports and the often simple down to worth explanations for what was really seen. But why would the U S Navy encourage speculation like this in the first place? Is it simply a case of making you look at the shiny thing over there? So you don't look at what's over here.

Tim Mendham from Australian skeptic says it's worth pondering reports come

Tim Mendham: [00:33:38] and go. They, some times they have a lot of them. And other times they sort of fade away and even the UFO investigation groups, they will say the same thing. There hasn't been a great year for you. If ever you're both lightly Akos who've had these videos.

Issued by the Pentagon, by the American Navy or April's or whatever. And that has created a lot of interest. It's very concerning that a group like the Pentagon would release these things since it's suggesting that, oh, we didn't know what [00:34:00] they are. These are mysterious sort of identified flying objects.

So identified aerial phenomenon, applying sources. Cool them to release that information in such an environment is pretty weird. They don't do that. Normally don't let me release the video. So sometimes I do, and there's no great problem in releasing those videos, but they might come up with a better explanation than that because of, they actually have been, as you've been discussing on the program, quite readily explained in many cases and quite mundane explanations.

Stuart: [00:34:28] Capabilities of their forward looking infrared systems. So that's something that they don't want the world to know about. Unfortunately, it's out now, because once you've got that sort of data, you can pretty well back engineer it anyway, because it lets, you know, Hey, you can, if you're an enemy actor, how you can sort of combat that.

Tim Mendham: [00:34:45] The interesting thing is that the ones they hiding the information from would be the public. Why would they say that? Most of the ones they need to hide it from other nations, et cetera, either already met with him or. Themselves. And so [00:35:00] you're trying to think, who are you preventing from learning about this thing, the demo public and not going to be able to build the technology that they're talking about.

Right. I probably have a trouble understanding what the technology is, which

Stuart: [00:35:09] helps you. If I believe technology is being built by Raytheon and Rathion really don't want their competitors to know about it. Maybe I should.

Tim Mendham: [00:35:18] A lot. And he had all sorts of things and they probably know roughly the general areas.

They work in Villanova, it's a climate. And whether the Pentagon or whatever is seriously looking at technologies, they don't want to reveal. Or as in the case of some of these things, they were very mundane explanations for some of the videos that were put out, which had nothing to do with sacred technologies.

One was to do with the Iris cameras and the way cameras work. Which can be replicated easily. The video of the pyramid, it's going to be shaped objects just because of the shape of the lens of the camera and the Iris of the camera when it closes in some of these irises. So particular cameras, close things in a triangular format, irises are made up of different panels with close at the same time in a spiral pattern.

And these ones that it was closing in the triangular pattern, them that was creating [00:36:00] the appearance. When you focus from a particular light, that it was looking okay. And that's something that was sort of revealed pretty quickly. And for the panels on the side, we then know what these things are, perhaps false information and false leads, but it was feeding the UFO people and feeding people who can actually say quite clearly, but unfortunately the explanations don't carry as quickly as the UFO for tactics that the Pentagon getting involved.

And that's the thing is just, I should not

Stuart: [00:36:26] get involved in that. It's a Wolf for so long. Do you want to go back to 1947 and project and mogul and Roswell?

Tim Mendham: [00:36:35] To retrieve its balloons and didn't want anyone to know about them when it didn't work.

Stuart: [00:36:41] I don't really care about the balloons. It was only balsa wood and wax paper and a bit of rubber.

They didn't care about the balloons. The balloons weren't top secret was what they were being used for to eavesdrop on servient union nuclear tests. That was the secret. Of

Tim Mendham: [00:36:57] course that's the climate in which conspiracy theories have something to [00:37:00] definitely question because organizations and government organizations do keep secrets or try to keep secrets.

The daughter was very good at it, but I do try and keep secrets of military organizations. And as you say, private companies sort of trying to keep the intellectual property secret, that does happen. Yeah. Dude you false leads, et cetera. It's unfortunate. Then in this case, if, if that is the situation where if it's just the pinnacle of having fun, it's encouraged a lot of UFO believers, virtually every famous UFO case has been debunked at some time or another, but that's the debunking doesn't necessarily go very far compared to the claimants.

I've got books I'm standing at right now. Run Danica. You remember the one down in theories?

Stuart: [00:37:36] Love chariots of the gods. When I was a kid, I believed that to the letter, but I was about eight of them. Yeah.

Tim Mendham: [00:37:44] I mean, I have to, to the ancient nationals theory and that sort of stuff, he's probably a number of books.

It made a lot of money out of it, but I've also got a whole handful of books, debunking what he said. I probably sold in the hundreds rather than the millions, which is what bandana can be part of the problem. The actual [00:38:00] truth. And that might be the case,

Stuart: [00:38:05] but I think

Tim Mendham: [00:38:09] from a skeptical point of view, it's probably a little of the harmless stuff.

Stuart: [00:38:13] This could be a flying saucer from another world, or it's a weather balloon and maybe a new type of drone or it's Venus. Which one want, believe you.

Tim Mendham: [00:38:24] Absolutely. And fantasy

Stuart: [00:38:26] is fun. You watch the spotlight program on UFO's a couple of weeks back.

Tim Mendham: [00:38:30] I didn't say that. I must admit. Um, but I have some, well, that's what I'm gonna tell them. And someone gave me a report back of the entire history of UFO documentaries made by the same fellow. And they said they just repeating and regurgitating the same thing over and over again, which has been debunked.

And they're just adding one new little thing to a compilation that has nothing.

Stuart: [00:38:49] Well, the interesting thing I found was that the United States tested still technology in the Australian Outback for a while. I didn't think they did that. And if that bit's true, that's, that's fascinating. [00:39:00] The first question every president asks is where do you keep the alien bodies?

Tell me about this.

Tim Mendham: [00:39:07] Excellent.  Trump asked the same thing and by that bottom, and then every other president back to about the 1950s, they'd probably ask the same thing. Where do you keep the bodies of the aliens? And where's the technology and why are we leading the world, et cetera? I think it's done as a joke.

I signed, I say seriously, well, not all the presidents would see him. He raped that low level of intimacy. To take it very serious, like birds. Let me, it's a fair enough question to ask how then go onto the serious issues and want to be doing a bit of foreign relations, et cetera, rather than the extra terrestrial relationship too seriously.

Stuart: [00:39:39] Students from Australian skeptics.

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