Sept. 28, 2022

James Webb Space Telescope Develops a Serious Technical Problem

The Astronomy, Technology, and Space Science News Podcast.
SpaceTime Series 25 Episode 102
*James Webb Space Telescope develops a serious technical problem
NASA’s James Webb space telescope has developed a problem with a key part of its...


The Astronomy, Technology, and Space Science News Podcast.
SpaceTime Series 25 Episode 102
*James Webb Space Telescope develops a serious technical problem
NASA’s James Webb space telescope has developed a problem with a key part of its spectroscope system used to analyse to chemical composition of objects...
*But that hasn’t stopped it making some spectacular observations of Mars and Neptune
NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope captured its first stunning images and spectra of the red planet Mars and the distant ice giant Neptune.
*Australia’s first major astronomical observatory
This year marked the two hundredth anniversary of Australia’s first major astronomical observatory which was built in what is now Parramatta Park in Sydney’s western suburbs.
*Russia launches a US astronaut to the space station
A Russian capsule carrying two Russian cosmonauts and an American astronaut has successfully docked with the International Space Station, three hours and a half after launching aboard a Soyuz 2.1a rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in the Central Asian Republic of Kazakhstan.
*The Science Report
A new plan to get Australia’s nuclear submarines online earlier.
Northrop Grumman unveils Australia's first high-altitude long-range Triton MQ-4C autonomous aircraft.
Australian reef fish populations are being dominated by generalist species because of climate change.
TikTok is providing false and misinformation to users searching for news and factual information.
Alex on Tech updates for IOS16 update.
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The Astronomy, Space, Technology & Science News Podcast.

Transcript

Stuart: This is Spacetime series 25, episode 102, for broadcast on the 20th September, 2022. Coming up on Spacetime, the James Webb Space telescope develops a serious technical problem, but that it hasn't stopped it from making some spectacular observations of Mars and Neptune. And it's now 200 years since the opening of Australia's first astronomical observatory. All that and more coming up. I'm, uh, spacetime.

VO: Welcome to space time with Stewart Gary.

Stuart: NASA's James Webb Space telescope has developed the problem with a key part of its spectroscopic system used to analyze the chemical composition of objects. The issue centers on the mid infrared instruments grading wheel, used to allow scientists to choose the wavelength of light they want to focus on. The wheel is used in the medium resolution spectroscopy mode, during which the camera gathers different wavelengths of light called spectra, which act like chemical fingerprints to identify different elements and molecules. Launched in December and beginning scientific observations just a few months ago, james Webb is the largest and most powerful space telescope ever built. Mission managers first detected the problem back in August and have now decided to pause observations with the affected mode so they can come up with a workaround. NASA says the $10 billion earth orbiting observatory is otherwise in good health. And the mid infrared instruments other three observing modes imaging, low resolution spectroscopy, and coronagraphy are all operating nominally and remain available for scientific observations. The mid infrared instrument is one of four primary science instruments aboard the telescope capable of taking both images and light spectrum of distant objects across the universe. Unlike the Hubble Space telescope, which is in low Earth orbit just 520 km above the ground, and which could be fixed during regular space shuttle service missions, the James Webb Space Telescope, uh, is orbiting some 1.6 million km away from the Earth on the dark side of the planet and world, beyond the reach of existing man's spacecraft. This is spacetime still to come. James Webb may have a glitch, but that hasn't stopped it taking some spectacular observations of Mars and the planet Neptune. And this year, it marks 200 years since the construction of Australia's first astronomical observatory. All that and more still to come on, um, space time. Well, NASA's James Webb Space telescope may be suffering a bit of a glitch right now, but that hasn't stopped at capturing some spectacular images and spectra of the red planet Mars and the distant ice giant, Neptune. The sensitivity of the giant infrared telescope has provided scientists with unique perspectives of the Martian surface, complimenting data being collected by orbiters rovers and other telescopes. As a result, James Webb can capture images and spectra with a spectral resolution needed to study short term phenomena like dust storms, weather patterns, seasonal changes, and in a single observation processes that occur at different times of the day. But there are issues. Because it's so close. Mars is actually one of the brightest objects in the night sky in terms of both visible light, which human eyes can see and infrared light, which James Webb's designed to look at. This poses special challenges to the observatory which was thought to detect extremely faint light from the most distant galaxies in the universe. In fact, Webb's instruments are so sensitive that without special observing techniques the bright infrared light from Mars is blinding causing a phenomenon known as detector saturation. Astronomers adjusted for Mars extreme brightness by using very short exposures measuring only some of the light that hit the detectors and then applying special data analysis techniques. Webb's first images of Mars captured by the new infrared camera shows a region of the planet's eastern hemisphere at different wavelengths or colors of infrared light. The brightness of the light is related to the temperature of the surface of the atmosphere. Uh, the brightest regions of the planet is the area where it's warmest. That's because that's where the sun is almost directly overhead. These brightest areas are dominated by reflected direct sunlight and the revealing surface details similar to those apparent invisible light images. These include the rings of Huygen's Crater the dark volcanic rock in Curtis Major and the brightening in the Hellish Basin. In areas where the sun's light is more at an angle james Webb sees thermal emission light given off by the planet as it loses heat and the brightness continues to decrease towards the polar regions which obviously receive less sunlight. And even less light is emitted from the cooler northern hemisphere which, this time of year experiences its Martian winter. However, temperature isn't the only factor affecting the amount of light reaching James Webb. As light emitted by the planet passes through the Martian atmosphere some of it gets absorbed by carbon dioxide molecules. Hella Spacein is the largest wool preserved impact structure on Mars. Spanning more than 2000. It appears darker than the surrounding area because of this effect but the effect isn't thermal. See, the helicopasin is at a lower altitude and thus experiences slightly more air pressure. And that higher pressure leads to a suppression of the thermal emission at the telescope specific wavelength range because of an effect called pressure broadening. Whereas the images of Mars are showing differences in brightness integrated over a large number of wavelengths from place to place across the planet at specific times of the day the planet spectrum is showing subtle variations in brightness between hundreds of different wavelengths which are representative of the planet as a whole. The infrared spectrum was obtained by combining measurements from all six of the high resolution spectroscopy modes of James Webb's Near Infrared Spectrograph. Preliminary analysis of the spectra show a rich set of features that contain information about dust, icy clouds what kinds of rocks are on the planet's surface and even the composition of the atmosphere. The spectral signatures include deep valleys known as absorption features and highlight water, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. Meanwhile, spectacular new James Webb images of the solar system's most distant planet, neptune have also been captured for the first time. The new images, taken by observations using the near infrared camera are displaying the ice giant's rings in stunning, never before seen detail. Astronomers say they are the clearest look at Neptune's rings since NASA's Voyager two became the first spacecraft to visit Neptune during a flyby back in 1979. And it's the first time the rings have been seen in infrared light. As well as Neptune's ring system, its dust bands are also clearly visible in the new images. But one of the most striking features were seven of the planet's 14 known moons, including a spectacular Triton, which appears to far out shine Neptune itself. That's because instead of its usual royal blue color, neptune's methane gas atmosphere absorbs red infrared light so, uh, strongly that it appears to be quite dark in their infrared wavelengths, except for the high altitude methane ice clouds, which appear as prominent, bright streaks and spots reflecting the distant sunlight before it's absorbed by methane gas. Meanwhile, Triton seems to shine like a diamond because it reflects an average of 70% of the sunlight that hits it. The giant moon orbits Neptune. In retrograde, that is backwards. And that's because it's suspected to have originally been a copper built object like Pluto and Sharon, but ventured too close and was gravitationally captured by Neptune. This is spacetime. Still to come, we celebrate 200 years since the opening of Australia's first major astronomical observatory. And later in the science report, a new study warns that Tik Tok is providing false and misleading information to users searching for news and factual information. All that and more still to come on um, space time. Okay, let's take a break from our show for a word from our, uh, sponsor, NordVPN. You know, I don't have to tell you, though, when it comes to online security and privacy, NordVPN really is the best in the business. And at times like these, that's exactly what you need. They've got the fastest servers, they've got the best encryption, and they will protect up to six of your devices at the same time. That includes your smart TV, something a lot of people these days, uh, overlook when assessing their online security needs. And while we're talking about things, uh, overlooked, don't forget your router. NordVPN will protect that, as well. 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VO: This is Spacetime with Stuart Gary.

Stuart: This year marks the 200th anniversary of Australia's first major astronomical observatory, which was built in what is now Parramatta Park in Sydney's western suburbs. It was constructed just 34 years after the establishment of the colony in the gardens of old government house by the governor of the british imperial colony of new south wales lieutenant general sir thomas brisbane and operated by astronomers carl Rumker um and james dunlop the twin gnome structure was built out of wooden canvas. Today, only the transit piers and a solitary marble obelisk remain. But during its heyday, parramatta Observatory produced many important discoveries and observations of the then poorly explored southern skies. Its primary mission was to produce a usable catalog of star positions in the southern skies, eventually mapping some 7385 stars, a substantial achievement which supplemented the South African catalog of 1752 to 53. Its telescopes also observed at least two comets, numerous transits and modifier binary star systems. However, the location of the observatory proved to be a poor choice, with local populations growing quickly and smoke from home fires at night, making observing less than ideal. Over time, the building lacked the maintenance needed to remain operational, and in 1847, it was dismantled with its instruments and documentation reused for the Sydney Observatory, which was opened in 1858. Nick Long, Consultant Curator of Astronomy with the Powers Museum, Sydney Observatory says the Parramatta Observatory's Bicentennial is one of two major Australian astronomical anniversaries this year. The other, involving no lesser figure than.

VO: Albert Einstein, got two major anniversaries this year. One relates to the permanent observatory. This was the first major observatory set up in Australia. We find a very smart all one, um, set up, I believe, uh, two times. And that was completed on the 6 May in 18 injury of that observatory that put a major event. Just a month later, they made a major discovery. The two astronomers helping Brisbane james Thunderman, astronomer rediscovered in case commerce returned to be predicted, was actually seen that it was not seen in Europe in 1822, Africa, but not in Bronca, many to see in June 1822. And that really created lots of excitement. Uh, published this general theory of relativity and one of its main predictions with neither side would be bent area uh, one in three, four to measuring it is during the total occur the sun because at a time the sun is too bright to look at it too bright to look at starts right next to it but it came out in 1916. Three years later there was an eclipse in 19 and the British government or British astronomers put a lot of effort into observing it and um expedition to Brazil to an island doctor coastal West Africa and they try to measure the deviation this bending a starlight a degrading indication that is true but the rough results are conclusive left to deny in 22 clips in Australia it's a walk from Australia to make a definite assessment with this deviation that happened and there were lots of expeditions in Australia to try and observe delicates there was expedition to conduindi but the successful one was not observatory and they make observations which finally made a very definite proof that depending as the first real quick general theory of relativity I mean the people have been testing ever since for the last 100 years and so far it has first every single test that has.

Stuart: Been left further that's Dr. Nick Long consultant curator of Astronomy at the Paris Museum's Sydney Observatory a Russian capsule carrying two Russian cosmonauts and an American astronaut has successfully docked to the International Space Station three and a half hours after launching aboard a Soyuz two and a rocket from the biken or cosmodrobe in the Central Asian Republic of Kazakhstan.

Guest: And we are now, uh, back live so I use Ms 22 rocket on the launchpad at Site 31 at the Biconur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan atop the, uh two dot one A booster strapped into their seats in the, uh, descent module of the Soyuz NASA's Frank Rubio along with Sergey Procopiov and Dimitri Patelon of Roscosmos. At the time of launch the International Space Station will be flying over northwest Uzbekistan. The station and the Expedition 67 crew will pass directly over the bikenur cosmodrome 1 minute 58 seconds after launch and will leapfrog past the ascending Soyuz vehicle as it heads to orbit. Eight minutes and 45 seconds after launch the third stage engine of the Soyuz booster will shut down and the Soyuz will separate from its launch vehicle in a preliminary orbit deploying its solar arrays and its navigational antennas. At that point, the three crew members will be trailing the space station by about one 0 mile the chase will begin resulting in a docking to the Rossviet module of the International Space Station at 12:11 p.m.. Central time. All of the, uh, launch preparations have gone off, uh, without a hitch. Everything is in readiness.

Guest: Are closed. Rescue aides are ready.

Guest: At this point in the countdown the Soyuz is first and second stage engines are, uh, ready for launch telemetry having been received from the rocket indicating that all primary and backup systems are set to support liftoff once again. Uh, at the time of launch the International Space Station will be flying 259 miles over northern Uzbekistan some 335 statute miles behind the Soyuz as it leaves the launch pad a very narrow uh, phase angle for launch for orbital insertion that will ensure the beginning of a two orbit, three plus hour rendezvous to reach the International Space Station and uh, during the uh, Soyuz climbed orbit. The ISS will leapfrog ahead of Soyuz and Soyuz will then uh, be catching up to the International Space Station uh, through a series of preprogrammed rendezvous burns.

Guest: Everything is nominal on board. We are ready for lunch.

Guest: Sergey Prakopia, the uh, Soyuz commander reporting back uh, to launch, uh, controllers in Baikenor that everything is in readiness aboard the uh, Soyuz Ms 22 spacecraft. The two umbilical, towers that are buttressed up against the Soyuz the first will retract at about the t -30 or 35 second mark. The second of those two umbilicals will retract at about the twelve second mark before launch initiating the auto sequence start for engine ignition and ultimately for liftoff. A uh, launch key has been inserted in the launch bunker. This is a real key that transitions the launch sequence into automatic mode. And uh, launch controllers down at Biconur reporting that the range is clear. The Soyuz rocket ready to begin its journey.

Guest: Launch key inserted.

Guest: The uh, three crew members uh, strapped into their seats in the center section the descent module have closed their visors for launch. Sergey Procopia reporting that everything is in readiness on board. Uh, the Soyuz onboard systems will be switching to onboard control. The commanders cockpit displays now activated. Strip chart recorders in the launch control center now activated. They will be uh, recording telemetry from the launch vehicle during lift off and it's climbed to orbit the sun setting on the central Asian desert everything in readiness for launch at 854 and 49 seconds a. M. Um, central time 654 and 49 seconds p. M. Biconore time. The uh, Soyuz two one A booster fuel lines and other elements of the rocket engines now being purged with nitrogen to fire proof them to remove vapors of fuel and oxidizer for the final minutes of the countdown. Moments from now, uh, a key uh, will be placed in the drainage position. The valves through which Evaporated or gaseous oxygen escapes from the fuel tanks into the atmosphere are closed as uh, the fuel begins to drain back into the tanks. At the same time, the valves providing liquid oxygen to replenish those tanks will be lost by uh the natural boil off or Evaporation. The fuel and oxidizer tanks now being pressurized to optimize fuel flow to provide additional structural rigidity to the launch vehicle on the pad.

Guest: Booster propellant tank pressurization initiated.

Guest: Tank pressurization uh, underway. Everything in good shape.

Guest: Vehicle is nominal. Copy.

Guest: Coming up on the termination of the ground propellant feed to the Soyuz booster. The Soyuz about to go on internal power.

Guest: Vehicle switch to internal power. First umbilical, tower separation.

Guest: First umbilical should be retracting and there it goes. The second umbilical will retracted about the T -15 second mark the uh, second umbilical has retracted. This will initiate the auto sequence start. T 10 seconds and counting.

Guest: We have engine start separation.

Guest: Turbo pumps coming up to flight speed.

Guest: Turbo pumps, flight speed and liftoff.

Guest: A, uh, sunset start to the mission of Rubio Procopia then Patelen to the International Space Station.

Guest: 10 seconds. Light is nominal.

Guest: Good first stage performance reported from the block house at Bikinoor. The Soyuz delivering £930,000 of thrust from its four boosters and single engine parking out to the northeast from the biken or cosmodrome everything, um, looking good so far. Good roll, pitch and your program velocity now about 1100 miles per hour. Pitch, uh, and roll program are reported to be nominal from the Block.

Guest: Assets, like a normal vehicle, is nominal. Crew is feeling well.

Guest: Copy of reporting the crew is feeling well. Now passing through the area of maximum dynamic pressure l plus 80.

Guest: Parameters are nominal. Pressure in Capero parameter is above nominal, correct? Affirmative.

Guest: And we've had uh first stage separation nominal.

Guest: Cruise feeling well. Eight three, four second stage engine operating nominally.

Guest: Launch route now has been jettisoned.

Guest: Vehicle is nominal.

Guest: The Soyuz, uh, booster about 48 miles in altitude traveling about five, uh, thousand 200 miles an hour some 72 miles down range three minutes, 20 seconds into the flight.

Guest: See uh, indication control, descent available. Vehicle is nominal. Copy indication is on.

Guest: All good reports, uh, so far the flight reported as nominal uh uh, as we approach the four minute, 15 second mark into the flight about halfway through powered flight now about 15 seconds away from second stage shutdown and the ignition of the third stage.

Guest: L plus two 70. Parameters are nominal. Second stage separation confirmed.

Guest: Second stage shutdown and separation is confirmed. The Soyuz now climbing uh, to orbit on the singular power of its third stage engine. Five minutes, 12 seconds into the flight. About three and a half minutes of powered flight remaining.

Guest: L plus three 10, vehicle is nominal. Crew is feeling well.

Guest: Pracopia reports that uh the crew is doing well. This third stage engine providing £67,000 of thrust for the uh remaining three minutes of powered flight. 350 a true trajectory so far for the Soyuz booster now flying on the uh third stage propulsion of its singular engine. Good roll, pitch and Yaw reported good structural stability reported.

Speaker E: 80 seconds. The engine of the third phase is working nominally 400 seconds. The stabilization, uh, of the article is in place. It is stable.

Guest: I'll take good structural stability of the uh, Soyuz vehicle at the seven minute mark into the flight about 1 minute, 45 seconds of powered flight remaining. Your pitch and roll all reported to be nominal at the time of third, uh, stage shutdown and spacecraft separation. Control of the Soyuz vehicle through docking will, uh, transition to the, uh, flight control team at the Russian mission control center outside of Moscow.

Speaker E: Nominal crew is feeling great.

Guest: We have now, uh, reached the eight minute mark into the flight, 45 seconds away from third stage shutdown and spacecraft separation.

Speaker E: Uh, uh, and, uh, everything is nominal on orbit and the crew is feeling great. We're waiting for the separation.

Guest: 520 and we have third stage shutdown and spacecraft separation. The third stage dropping away timetag commands now. Uh, we'll deploy the solar arrays and the navigational antennas.

Guest: Okay.

Guest: And we now have confirmation of a, uh, perfect solar ray and navigational antenna. Deploy Soyuz Ms 22 now in its preliminary orbit. And the chase has begun to catch up to the International Space Station with docking plan just 3 hours from now after a two orbit journey. Docking scheduled at 12:11 p.m central time.

VO: Huh?

Stuart: The flight came as Russian President Vladimir Putin threatened the world with nuclear war if NATO interferes with Russia's bloody invasion of Ukraine. The Soyuz Ms 22 docked with the space station's Russian Rosevet research module after just two orbits of the planet. The crew will spend 188 days in orbit before returning to Earth next March. It's one of the few examples left of Western cooperation with Moscow and demonstrates the need for continued cooperation between the Russian Federal Space Agency at OS, Cosmos and NASA involving the jointly run space station despite unprecedented sanctions against Russia and more evidence of war crimes being committed against Ukraine's civilian population. And this rare example of cooperation will continue next month when a Russian cosmonaut will fly up to the space station with a NASA crew aboard a SpaceX Dragon capsule. The Russian cosmonauts and Western astronauts working together in orbit have tried to steer clear of the conflict raging down on the Earth below. The International Space Station is divided into separate us. And Russian orbital segments with the Russians providing propulsion and the Americans providing auxiliary power and life support. This division of resources forces both sides to work together. The other partners in the space station are, uh, Canada, Japan and the European Space Agency, and they all share the American segment. Moscow says it plans to leave the space station sometime after 2024 when the first module of its new Russian space station enters orbit. It's not known how much, if any, of the Russian segment of the space station they'll check with them when they go, but we'll keep you informed. This is space time. And time now to take another brief look at some of the other stories making news in Science this week with the Science Report. The United States is looking at a plan to increase its own capacity to build nuclear submarines so that it can fast track the construction of the first Australian nuclear subs while Australia builds up its own nuclear submarine construction capabilities. In return, Australia would pay towards the increased American construction capacity. The move would see the first two or three Australian nuclear submarines built in the United States, with the remainder of the eight to twelve sub fleet then built locally at Adelaide. If approved, the move would allow the Australian Navy to begin operating its own nuclear submarine fleet by the middle of the 2030s, cutting ten years off production lead in times. The proposed plan, which is yet to be formally approved, is part of a joint response by Washington, Canberra and London to the growing threat being posed by China's rapid military buildup in the Asia Pacific theater. The joint Australian, British and American Alliance will see the sharing of technologies and capabilities between the three nations involving not just nuclear subs, but also artificial intelligence, autonomous systems, hypersonic missile development and technology, and undersea technologies. Last month. The US Navy warned that adding Australian submarines to the production line building America's new Columbia class ballistic missile submarines without increasing construction capacity would seriously interfere with the American efforts to build up its own subs. Expanding the US capacities being seen as the best option to expediate the initiative. As British shipyards have their own hands full right now building seven Astute class attack subs and Ford Thread North ballistic missile submarines. Northrop Grumman has unveiled Australia's first high altitude, long range Triton MQ four C autonomous aircraft developed for the Australian Air Force and US. Navy. The Triton follows on from the earlier RQ Four Global Hawk, which is deployed by the US Air Force, NATO and NASA ah, with a German Luftwaffe purchasing a single test version they called the EuroHawk. The main differences between the new Triton and the earlier Global Hawk focus on updated electronics and a different wing design. You see, while the Global Hawks designed to remain at high altitude to conduct surveillance, the Triton climbs to 55,000ft or 1700 meters to see over a wide area and then quickly drop down to 10,000ft or 3000 meters in order to further identify a target. So Triton's wings are ah, specifically designed to detect the added stresses of rapidly decreasing altitude. Australia's Tritons will operate alongside their P Eight Poseidon maritime surveillance aircraft counterparts. As partners, the United States and Australian Defense Forces will share data collected by their respective Tritons in what's become one of the world's most strategically important regions. The aircraft is scheduled for production completion in 2023, with delivery the following year. Canberra was also set to purchase a squadron of M MQ Nine Reaper drone aircraft based on the highly successful MQ One Predator. However, that order was quietly cancelled by the Morrison government in March, just prior to the federal election. There's been yet another warning about the effects of climate change, with a new study showing that Australian reef fish populations are now being dominated by generalist species rather than specialist species which are adapted for specific habitats or niches. The findings, reported in the journal Current Biology show that temperature and habitat changes are causing significant disruptions to Australian reef fishers. The studies authors say that the effects of habitat change like coral bleaching and temperature change is having varying impacts depending on the reef's location, with fishes on temperate and subtropical reefs appearing to show more signs of temperature change, while the tropical reef fishes seem to be more affected by habitat change. Scientists say that during the 2011 marine heatwave, which warmed waters in southwestern Australia, temperate reefs saw an influx of tropical fishes that kept hanging around for years after the event. A new report warns that TikTok is providing false and misleading information to users searching for news and factual data. The warning by the Media Watchdog News Guard says toxic and false claims published by TikTok represent a significant threat as the platform becomes a, uh, go to online venue for young people looking for information. Use Guide analyzed the top 20 results from 27 TikTok searches on news topics including school shootings, abortion covered 19 US. Elections and Russia's war on Ukraine. They found 19 5% of the data contained false or misleading claims and information. They say even when TikTok search results yielded little or no information, the results were often more polarizing than Google's and included false or misleading claims and conspiracy theories promoted by groups such as Q and on. Well, Annie released it last week, but Apple have already been forced to begin fixing a whole bunch of issues with their new iOS 16 update. So what's gone wrong? Well, Apple iOS 16 was full of bugs and iOS 16.1 was limited to iPhone 14 models. So this new update, iOS 16.2 is the first dedicated fix for all iPhone owners. However, the problem is it's still causing as many problems as it fixes. With the details, we're joined by technology editor Alex Harleroyd from Ity.com.

Alex: For a while, there were various problems that always exist when you're upgrading to a new operating system. I was trying to use Fox Telgo, a streaming service, and when you've got the phone in portrait mode, the, um, image looks fine. But if you try and put the phone in landscape horizontally, the pictures of the shifts off the screen, you only see a corner of it. And to get around that, you have to lock the phone in portrait mode and then open up the app, tap the button to make it go in landscape, and that fixes it. But then if you push the button to put it back into portrait mode, it shifts the image again. So little fixes like that, some of those need to be taken care of by the app makers themselves. But, uh, there were reports that the iPhone loses a lot of battery in the first 48 hours or so. And in fact, that normally happens whenever you put a brand new point or update because the phone is reindexing itself and checking things and you get lower battery life for the first couple of days. But then it. Should even out again. If you're having problems, continue problems with that, then, uh, make sure you go to your Genius bar at an Apple store against check, but otherwise give it a week or something and you should find that your battery life goes back to normal. Although obviously some people might have batteries that are down to the 80% level, where they really started to lose power earlier. So you can check the battery health in the settings as well. A worrying bug was where people's camera system inside the phone, the optical image stabilizers, have to shake violently and give this horrible grinding noise. And that is a problem that happened not with Apple's camera, but with thirdparty cameras from Instagram and WhatsApp and others. And the suggestion is that those software makers were using private APIs, private ways of controlling the Apple cameras that aren't sanctioned by Apple. And so there's been some issue there, which, uh, you can see videos online if you do a search for it. One of the issues is the battery indicator. So at the moment, the battery indicator has finally got a percentage in it if you enable that in the settings. But whether the battery is 50% or 100% or 21%, it's showing you that the battery looks like it's full with a number that might be 21. Now I want to get to 20. It's telling you, obviously, that you have low power. You might want to put on low power mode. But in this update, the battery indicator will slowly go down and down like it normally does. It'll be white, showing you how much power you have. The bit that is shrinking down gets great, and the numbers will change color accordingly, which is how it's done on most Android devices that do something similar. So they fixed up the battery indicator, which is very cool. Another thing that people are unhappy about is that your phone is now asking you every time you want to paste from one up to another. It's like, hey, Safari wants to pay something into your email, or wherever it might be. And for some people, this message is coming up all the time, every time. They pay every single time. And it harks back to when Apple was making fun of Microsoft for Windows Vista, having to cancel or allow questions, so that everything you did, you would ask to cancel or allow. And this is what it seems reminiscent of that. And the final thing that is in the iPhone OS that's coming is that if you're in the US. You can charge by greener energy sources like, uh, wind, solar and hydro. That's us first to start with. But it should come to other parts of the world over time.

Stuart: So that means what? It just knows when it's charging from different electricity?

Alex: Yeah, this is where the, uh, Apple is telling your device. But hey, the grid in your area is being powered largely or entirely by energy from solar, wind and hydro sources. And so the iPhone can delay charging until it's getting energy, which is supposed to come from those more renewable areas. That's something. Actually, that Microsoft's Windows Eleven update. Their biggest update in a year is supposed to be now enabling, but again only in the US. Obviously, some information needs to be sent to Apple or to Microsoft for when the grid is meant to be being powered by those renewable sources.

Stuart: A bit like an off peak signal for the old fashioned water heaters.

Alex: Yeah, that's right. But like an off peak to say if you want to charge, if you want to charge in a more environmentally friendly way, just give your phone authorization to charge now, uh, or in 2 hours. So it's quite a clever thing because we do have problems with the grid. It's able to have a lot of green energy. You're in San Francisco all the time.

Stuart: I'm surprised you have electricity.

Alex: Well, I mean, that's one of the things you need to have base load, reliable baseload power. The human race has an issue that we want to do too much, too fast, with too little. We want the technology we have today to be giving us warp nine speeds in space and teleportation, and yet we can barely get off the planet.

Stuart: That's alexahara roy from ity.com. And that's the show for now. Space time is available every Monday, Wednesday and Friday through Apple Podcasts, itunes, Stitcher, Google Podcast, Pocket Casts, Spotify, Acast, Amazon Music Bytes.com, SoundCloud, YouTube, your favorite podcast download provider, uh and from Spacetime with Stuart Gary.com. Spacetime is also broadcast through the National Science Foundation on science owned radio, and on both iHeartRadio and tune in radio. And you can help to support our show by visiting the Spacetime Store for a range of promotional merchandising goodies. Or by becoming a Spacetime patron, which gives you access to triple episode commercial free versions of the show, as well as lots of bonus audio content which doesn't go to air, access to our exclusive Facebook group and other rewards. Just go to spacetime with Stewart Gary.com for full details. And if you want more space time, please check out our blog, where you'll find all the stuff we couldn't fit in the show, as well as heaps of images, news stories, loads of videos and things on the web I find interesting or amusing. Just go to spacetime with Stuartgarry Tumblr.com. That's all one word, and that's Tumblr without the e. You can also follow us through at stuartgary on Twitter, uh, at Spacetime with Stuart Gary on Instagram, through our Spacetime YouTube channel, and um, on Facebook. Just go to Facebook.com spacetime with Stuartgarry and Spacetime is brought you in collaboration with Australian Sky Telescope magazine your Window on the Universe.

VO: You've been listening to Spacetime with Stuart Gary. This has been another quality podcast production from Bitesz.com.

Alex Zaharov-Reutt Profile Photo

Alex Zaharov-Reutt

Technology Editor

Alex Zaharov-Reutt is iTWire's Technology Editor is one of Australia’s best-known technology journalists and consumer tech experts, Alex has appeared in his capacity as technology expert on all of Australia’s free-to-air and pay TV networks on all the major news and current affairs programs, on commercial and public radio, and technology, lifestyle and reality TV shows.